From Ancient Greece to the late 19th century, rhetoric played a central role in Western education in training orators, lawyers, counsellors, historians, statesmen, and poets. Even high school students were taught rhetoric. Rhetoric is the art of persuasion, which along with grammar and logic. It is one of the three ancient arts of discourse. It's aim is to study the capacities of writers or speakers needed to inform, persuade, or motivate particular audiences in specific situations. Rhetoric typically provides a method for understanding, discovering, and developing arguments for particular situations. According to the art of rhetoric, " argument " is the activity of logic thus any profitable (good, true, competent,) argument is a manifestation of the reasoning process. With the loss of rhetoric in our modern education system we have also lost or modified the meanings of some of our words related to it. For instance, our modern i
Literally is a crutch word people use (overuse) to add emphasis by placing the same intensifier in front of some figurative word or phrase which cannot be taken literally. They do this because they want to be taken seriously and as a filler for lack of evidence. Like stating that something is a “fact”. If you have facts all you must do is quote them or cite them. Anytime I hear or read someone saying “literally”, “it is a fact”, or “let me be perfectly clear” I instantly disregard what they are saying because it tells me are just giving you their own opinion and trying to make it sound believable, they are repeating what they heard somewhere else, or they are flat out lying.
I know you might think this is the end of the world or that the country will fall apart if Biden wins. Believe me, it will not. I speak from the wisdom of someone who has been around for almost 50 years and 9 presidents (very few good, most mediocre, and some bad). There will be many more that will come and go in the rest of my lifetime. But once you look back at the arc of history things are not that bad. The span of human history includes the rise and fall of civilization, plagues, tyrants, wars, political violence, tragedy and so much more. Living through history is no easy thing. It was not easy millennia, centuries, or even decades ago and it is not easy today. The last thirty years alone have included the bursting of multiple financial bubbles, terrorist attacks, impeachments, wars, genocides, pandemics, and technological disruptions. Given that we live life day to day, all these ups and downs can exhaust us, even break us. They can make us doubt our faith—in institutions